Top AMA Morning Rounds® News: Week of November 14, 2022

Read AMA Morning Rounds®’ The most popular stories in medicine and public health for the week of November 14, 2022 to November 14, 2022 November 18th, 2022.

USA Today (November 17, Hassanein) reports: “Preterm births last year hit their highest peak since 2007 — with more than 18,000 babies born before 37 weeks gestation in the United States, according to the March of Dimes report card .” The report found that “In 2021, approximately 10.5% of US babies were born prematurely.” It also found that “Asian and Pacific Islander mothers experienced the largest increase in preterm births,” while “preterm birth rates of Black and Native mothers remained highest”.

NBC News (11/17, Edwards) reported, “Premature babies have hit a 15-year high, putting more infants at risk for physical and mental disabilities, the March of Dimes reported.” Data shows a 4% increase in preterm births compared to 2020.

HealthDay (11/17, Mundell) reports, “Preterm birth rates have steadily increased since 2014, earning the United States a D+ on the annual March of Dimes report card.”

The AP (11/17, Tanner) reports that “home births in the United States rose slightly in the second year of the pandemic, rising to the highest level in decades, according to a government report released Thursday.” Of nearly four “million births in 2021, nearly 52,000 occurred at home, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report shows.” That number is “up about 12% from 2020, after a 22% increase from 2019 to 2020.”

CNN (11/17, Hassan) reports that the number of “home births in the United States in 2021” has reached “the highest level since at least 1990,” according to the report. Home births increased “21% for Black women, 15% for Hispanic women, and 10% for White women” in 2021.

MedPage Today (11/17, D’Ambrosio) reports that “home births increased from an absolute 1.26% of all births in 2020 to 1.41% in 2021, an increase of 6,000 births,” the researchers reported .

CNN (11/15, Christensen) reports: “The five-year survival rate for lung cancer has increased by 21%, from 21% in 2014 to 25% in 2018, in what experts are calling a ‘remarkable advance’ – but it is still the leading cause of death from cancer in the United States Lung Association was published.”

However, Healio (11/15, Shinkle) says that according to the report, “less than 6% of eligible Americans have had lung cancer screening.” The article adds, “Screening participation is ‘critically low’ across the country, the report’s authors concluded, with rates as low as 1% in individual states.”

CNN (11/14, LaMotte) reports, “According to a study of nearly 100,000 Chinese adults, sleeping in a room with artificial outdoor light may increase the risk of developing diabetes.” Researchers found that “People who sleep in areas China’s people living with high levels of light pollution were about 28% more likely to develop diabetes than people living in the least polluted areas.” The study was published in the journal Diabetologia.

MedPage Today (11/14, Minerd) reports: “Each quintile of increase in exposure to artificial light was associated with a 7% increase in the prevalence of diabetes.” fasting glucose levels and a reduction in beta cell function”.

Medscape (11/11, Young, Subscription Publication) reported, “The prevalence of dementia is declining in the United States,” investigators concluded. In fact, “new data from the Health and Retirement Study … show that the prevalence of dementia in people aged 65 and over fell from 12.2% in 2000 to 8.5% in 2016 — a 30.1% decrease. In addition, the study found “a significant increase in educational attainment between 2000 and 2016.” The study’s authors theorized that “the decline in the prevalence of dementia reflects larger socioeconomic changes in the United States as well as prevention strategies to reduce cardiovascular disease.” The results were published online in PNAS.


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